Being Employed in the Web Design and Development Industry: Front-End Developer

Individuals employed in the online web design and development sector will acquire a range of technical skills in areas such as:

  • data analysis
  • database design
  • digital marketing
  • graphics and design
  • multimedia production
  • programming
  • scripting/coding
  • software development
  • user experience design
  • web application development
  • website design.

These subject-specific skills are gained through projects as well as theoretical study.

A range of transferable skills will be developed, such as:

  • communication and presentation
  • problem solving
  • project management
  • research
  • teamwork
  • attention to detail
  • time management and organisation.

This combination of skills is sought after by employers and allows trainees to work as a freelancer or to start their own business.

In such a rapidly developing sector, individuals who want to be employed should know more clearly about digital roles and functions. That is why we would like to briefly introduce the areas defined in this sector here.

Front-End Jobs

When visiting a website, everything seeing and interacting with in the browser is the front-end. Also referred to as client-side, the front-end is coded in HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, and includes all design and functionality elements such as drop-down menus, buttons, scrolling, etc.

Front-End Developer

Front-end developers are responsible for bringing websites and products to life on the screen. These web developers write the code that gets executed in the browser rather than in the server. This means that front-end developers need to know about the browsers they need to support, which includes mobile browsers. In addition to engineering the code that will deploy the design plans, front-end developers must consider accessibility (will the site work on a broad variety of browsers/ devices/ screen sizes, etc.?), SEO (is the html document optimized for search engines and sharing on social networks?), performance, load times, and analytics.

Front-end web developers should have a strong grasp on HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, and it’s useful for them to be versed in testing, as well. 

Alternative titles: Front-end engineer; language-specific roles like “JavaScript developer” are also considered front-end developers.

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